Tag Archives: public opinion

Chart of the week #22: Trying to explain the low turnout

Last week, I drew attention to the extremely low turnout figures recorded at the Tanzanian 2010 presidential election. This week, I thought I would look at whether these turnout figures vary between different sections of society.

For this, I have turned again to the 2012 Afrobarometer survey, which asked respondents whether or not they voted in 2010, and if not, why not.

Overall, 81% said they voted. This is much higher than the actual turnout as reported by the National Electoral Commission, which was 43%. And the Afrobarometer methodology explains that the survey included respondents from the age of 15 upwards. Given that only those aged 20 and above in 2012 would have been eligible to vote in 2010, that means a considerable portion of the Afrobarometer sample were not eligible in 2010. Continue reading

Chart of the week #20: How valuable is education, and how expensive?

How do the public see the value of education across African countries?

The data comes from Gallup, a US-based opinion poll firm, this week. (Source: here and here).

There are three questions shown in the chart – select from the drop down menu to switch between them.

Some quick thoughts: Continue reading

Chart of the week #18: What do Tanzanians think about corruption?

Three charts from Twaweza’s latest Sauti za Wananchi brief, on corruption.

First, how do Tanzanian citizens see corruption now compared to ten years ago?

corruption seen to be on the rise

 

And second, how familiar are Tanzanians with the big corruption scandals of the last few years? Continue reading

Chart of the week #12: Belief in witchcraft in Tanzania

How does belief in witchcraft in Tanzania compare with other countries?

Source: Pew Research Centre, data from 2010

Source: Pew Research Centre, data from 2010

Belief in all these things – witchcraft, curses, evil spirits, etc. – is not just stronger in Tanzania than in any of these other countries – it is much stronger in Tanzania:

Almost all Tanzanians (93%) believe in witchcraft, while less than half the population of Rwanda, Zambia, Uganda, Kenya and Ethiopia share that belief. Even in Nigeria, belief is much lower than in Tanzania.

Some questions, to which I don’t have the answer:

First, why is this the case? Why are Tanzanians apparently much more likely to believe in the supernatural than their neighbours in Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda and Zambia?

Second, what are the implications? What effects does this near-universal belief in witchcraft have on life in Tanzania – on politics, on business, on health, on education, etc? I posted a chart on witchcraft-related killings in Tanzania last month, but that’s only part of the story.

Third, what can be done about it?

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The charts are produced using data from 2010 (pdf – see pages 178-182), collected by the US-based Pew Research Centre, as part of their Religion and Public Life Project.

Long-term readers may note that I’ve published this chart before, when the Pew survey originally came out. But it’s such a startling conclusion that I felt it justifies being repeated.

Chart of the week #11: Who supports CCM and Chadema, by age?

Source: Afrobarometer.org, data from 2012

Source: Afrobarometer.org, data from 2012

The trend is clear:

  • Chadema’s support is much stronger among younger Tanzanians (33%) than older Tanzanians (14%)
  • CCM’s support goes the other way: much stronger among over 50s (71%) than under 30s (47%)

Continue reading

Chart of the week #8: Democracy in Tanzania, according to Afrobarometer

More from the excellent Afrobarometer surveys this week, from the latest report on their 2012 surveys. The topic is democracy.

First, what is the demand for democracy in different parts of Africa? This chart shows the percentage of people in each country who said both that they support democracy and that they reject authoritarian alternatives (authoritarian rule, military, one-party state): Continue reading

Chart(s) of the week #7: There’s more to the constitution than the union question

Some charts from Twaweza’s latest Sauti za Wananchi brief this week, asking Tanzanians about their views of the second draft new constitution – the one that’s supposed to be under discussion by the Constituent Assembly in Dodoma at the moment.

This survey was conducted in parallel with a similar survey on Zanzibar, Wasemavyo Wazanzibari, run by the International Law and Policy institute (ILPI).

The survey did ask about the hot topic of the moment – the Union between Tanzania mainland / Tanganyika and Zanzibar – but I will focus instead on some of the other issues raised in the draft. Because we should not forget that these are also important.  Continue reading